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Happy Pongal 2022
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When will Pongal be celebrated in the year 2022?
Pongal 2022 in India will begin onFriday, 14 January
and ends onMonday, 17 JanuaryDates may vary
Pongal is one of the main festivals of Hinduism, this festival is celebrated with great enthusiasm especially by Tamil Hindus. This festival is traditionally being celebrated for more than 1000 years.
This festival starts every year on 14th or 15th January and lasts for four days, mainly this festival is celebrated in the celebration of harvesting.
This festival is considered a symbol of prosperity and under this, incense, grain, and cattle are worshiped for prosperity.
This festival is also celebrated with great pomp by the expatriate Tamils living abroad.
Why is Pongal celebrated?
The festival of Pongal is celebrated on the first day of the Thai month, which is the first day of the Tamil month. There is also a very famous saying about this month “Thai Poranda Vazi Porkukum”, which means this month of Thai brings a new chance in life.
This festival of Pongal is celebrated for four days. If this festival is seen in general, then it is celebrated as a thanksgiving to God for the winter crops.
Special thanks are given to nature in this festival celebrated for four days. Along with this, the offerings made to the Sun God on the festival of Pongal are also known as Pongal dishes and along with this, another meaning of Pongal is ‘to boil well’, which is the reason why this dish is called It is made by boiling well on fire in the sunlight.
How do we celebrate Pongal?
This special festival of Pongal lasts for four days. In which nature and various gods and goddesses are thanked for good harvest and prosperity. These four days of Pongal are different from each other and all four have their own importance.
The first day of Pongal is celebrated as Bhogi Pongal. Indra dev is worshiped on this day, people worship Indradev on the first day of Pongal for rain and good harvest.
The second day of Pongal is known as Surya Pongal. On this day, by putting new rice, jaggery, and moong dal in new utensils, placing them on a banana leaf, worshiping it with sugarcane and ginger, etc., and with the help of this, make a special dish and offer it to the Sun God, this special prasad also. It is also known as Pongal. This offering to the Sun God is made in the light of the Sun itself.
The third day of Pongal is known as Mattu Pongal. The bull is worshiped on this day. There is a legend about this subject, according to which, one of the main Ganas of Shiva, Nandi made some mistake, in punishment, Shiva asked him to become a bull and help humans in cultivating the earth. That is why on this day cattle are worshiped and thanked for helping humans.
The fourth day of Pongal is known as Kanya Pongal or Kannam Pongal. Which is celebrated with great fanfare by women. On this day people visit temples, tourist places or even to meet their friends and relatives.
Importance of Pongal
There are many important reasons for celebrating the festival of Pongal. This festival of Pongal is celebrated because it is the time when the winter season crops are harvested and in the joy of this, the farmer would thank God through this festival of Pongal forgetting his good harvest.
Along with this, special worship of Surya is done in this festival which lasts for four days because Surya is considered to be the giver of food and life.
Therefore, on the second day of Pongal, a special dish named Pongal is prepared in the sunlight and it is offered to the Sun God.
History of Pongal Celebrations
There are various mythological beliefs associated with it. It is believed that once a man named Kovalan in Maidur went to a goldsmith to sell his anklets at the behest of his wife Kannagi.
The goldsmith told the king on the basis of suspicion that the anklet Kovalan had come to sell was very similar to the one that had been stolen by the queen. On this matter, the king sentenced Kovalan to death without any investigation.
Enraged by the death of her husband, Kaggani did severe penance to Lord Shiva and asked him for a boon to destroy the guilty king and his kingdom.
When the people of the state came to know about the incident, all the women of the state together worshiped Maa Kali on the banks of the Kiliyar river and on being pleased, prayed to awaken compassion in Kagni to protect their kingdom and the king.
Pleased with the worship of women, Mother Kali awakened compassion in Kannagi and protected the king and subjects of that state. Since then, the last day of Pongal is worshiped as Kanya Pongal or Kannam Pongal in Manakar Kali temple with great pomp.
Along with this, it is known from the inscriptions that in ancient times this festival was also celebrated as the Dravidian Shasya (new harvest) festival. It is known from the inscriptions of Tiruvallur temple that on this day many types of donations were given to the poor by the King of Kilutunga.
Along with this, dance ceremonies and dangerous battles with bulls were organized on this special festival and the most powerful men who won in this war were chosen as their husbands by the girls wearing garlands.
With the passage of time, this festival also changed, and later on, this festival became famous as Pongal celebrated in the present time. This is the reason why this festival is associated with many types of mythology and legends along with the celebration of the new harvest.
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