Conjunction Definition | Conjunction Meaning | Conjunction Examples

CONJUNCTION

DEFINITION: – A conjunction is a word that joins sentences, words, nouns, pronouns, and clauses.

Example: – Ram and Mohan go to school.

Kinds of conjunction: – There are two types of conjunction,

  1.  Coordinate conjunctions.
  2.  Sub-ordinate conjunctions.

⇒ Coordinate Conjunction:- Coordinate conjunctions are applied to join two or more clauses of equal rank. Sub-ordinate conjunctions are classified into four categories.

  • Cumulative
  • Adversative
  • Illative
  • Alternative

⇒ Cumulative Conjunction: – These conjunctions are used to join simple statements. These conjunctions are: –

And
As Well As   
Not Only      – But also
Both              – and.

Example: –

  • Shakespeare was a poet and playwright.
  • You as well as I am reading a book.
  • He is not only my friend but also my teacher.
  • She is both a poet and a dancer.

⇒ Adversative conjunctions: – These conjunctions are used to join paradoxical statements.
⇒ Yet/but/still /Whereas.

Example: –

  • He is rich yet/but/still he is not happy.
  • He was rich were as his father was poor.

Illative: Shows inference.
So/therefore:

Example:

  • He was ill so he did not go to the office.
                                 Or
    He was ill therefore he did not go to the office.

Alternative conjunctions: – These conjunctions are used when the choice is given.
Or, otherwise/else
Either – or,
Neither – nor.
Example: –

  • Come in or go out.
  • Run fast otherwise you will miss the train.
  • Either Ram or his friends have done their homework.
  • Neither Ram nor his father went to Agra to see the Taj Mahal.

Subordinate conjunctions: – Subordinate conjunctions are the words that are applied to join subordinate clauses with principal clauses. Actually subordinate to form complex sentences.

Now let us discuss sub-ordinate conjunctions.

That/who/which/than/if/whether
What/when/where/why
As if/such as/ lest – should/
While/hardly – when/scarcely – when/
No sooner – than.
Although – yet.

That: –

Example: – Ram says that he will go to the market to buy some toys for his Daughter.

Who: – is used, persons.

Example: – I saw a man who was blind.

Which: – is used for non-living things.
Example:- This is the pen which you gave me two days ago.
⇒ If/whether: –
Example: – She wanted to know if I was reading a novel the previous day in my study chamber.

Or

She wanted to know whether I was reading a novel the previous day in my chamber.

What: – (Reason).
Example: – I know the reason why she was angry.
⇒ Such As: – is used to indicate someone or something of a specific sort.
Example: – Citrus fruits such as orange are rich in vitamin ”C ”.
As If: – is used to indicate the sense of false impression.
Example: – She walks as if she were an actor.
⇒ Lest: – is followed by should. It is used to indicate the outcome or the consequences for not paying need to caution.
Example: –

  • Make haste lest you should miss the train.
  • Work hard lest you should fail.

While: – if tells…

  • Time duration.
  • At the same time.
  • Whereas.

Example; –

  • Make haste while the sun shines.
  • While she was in London some thieves broke into her house.

Hardly     —    When
Scarcely   —     When

Example: –

Hardly had I reached the station when it began to rain.

Or

Scarcely had I reached the station when it began to rain.

⇒ No sooner          –    than.

Example: –

No sooner did he reach the station than it began to rain.
Or
No sooner had he reached the station than it began to rain.

Although/though Yet. ————–. (is used to indicate two contradictory qualities.)

Example: – Though/Although he worked hard yet he could not get good marks.

Then: – is used with a comparative degree.
Example: – The climate of Agra is hotter than that of Srinagar.

Note: – {Hardly/scarcely + had + S + V3 + ob + when + sub+ V2 + ob}

Note: – {No sooner + did + s + V1 + ob + than + sub + V2 + Ob}
Or
{No sooner + had + s + V3 + ob + than + sub + V2 + ob

 

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