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Ganesh Chaturthi 2021
Table of Content
- 1 Ganesh Chaturthi 2021
- 2 History of Ganesh Chaturthi Festival
- 3 Ganesh Chaturthi wishes 2021
- 4 Preparations for Ganesh Chaturthi Festival
- 5 How to perform Ganesh Chaturthi puja at home
- 6 Ganesh Chaturthi celebrations in the community
- 7 Importance of Ganesh Chaturthi Vrat 2021
- 8 Ganesh Chaturthi puja vidhi
Best Ganesh Chaturthi wishes 2021 –
Ganesh Chaturthi is one of the most important festivals of Hindus. It is celebrated every year by the people of the Hindu religion with great courage, devotion, and gaiety. It is also popular as Vinayaka Chaturthi in India. It is celebrated throughout India since ancient times to honor the most important Hindu deity, Lord Ganesha (known as elephant-headed, Vinayaka, Vighnaharta, the god of wisdom and the god of beginnings, etc.).
It is celebrated as the birthday of Lord Ganesha who is the son of Mother Parvati and Lord Shiva. He is the God of wisdom and prosperity, so people worship him to get both.
The festival of Ganesh Chaturthi holds many rituals, customs, and significance for the people of Hinduism. People become very curious as the date of Vinayaka Chaturthi approaches. In modern times, people bring clay idols of Lord Ganesha to home or to public pandals and worship for ten days. At the end of the festival, people immerse the idols in large water bodies (sea, river, lake, etc.).
History of Ganesh Chaturthi Festival
We get the evidence of organizing Ganeshotsav in the period of Satavahana, Rashtrakuta, and Chalukya dynasties. The great Maratha ruler Chhatrapati Shivaji made a new beginning by connecting Ganeshotsav with nationality and culture. This form of Ganeshotsav has continued in this manner since then and continued even during the time of Peshwas.
During the time of the Peshwas, Ganesha had almost the status of a national deity, as he was their Kuldev. After the Peshwas, during the period from 1818 to 1892, this festival remained confined within the purview of Hindu homes.
Lokmanya Bal Gangadhar Tilak celebrated Ganeshotsav publicly for the first time in 1893 in Pune. Later on, this effort of his became a movement and this Ganeshotsav played an important role in uniting the people in the freedom movement. Today Ganeshotsav has taken a huge form.
Ganesh Chaturthi was started celebrated by Hindu people as an annual domestic festival with great preparation. Generally, it was started celebrating as a national festival to remove the conflict between Brahmins and non-Brahmins as well as to bring unity among the people. People in Maharashtra started celebrating during the British rule to be free from the cruel treatment of the British with great courage and nationalist fervor. The ritual of Ganesh Visarjan was established by Lokmanya Tilak.
Gradually people started celebrating this festival through community participation rather than family celebrations. People of the society and community do collectively celebrate this festival as a community festival and perform activities like intellectual speech, poetry, dance, devotional songs, drama, music festivals, folk dance, etc. People get together before the date and celebrate as well as decide how to handle such a huge crowd.
According to Hindu mythology, it is believed that Ganesha was born on Chaturthi in the month of Magha. Since then, the date of birth of Lord Ganesha was started to be celebrated as Ganesh Chaturthi. Nowadays, it is celebrated all over the world by the people of the Hindu community.
Ganesh Chaturthi wishes 2021
How to celebrate Ganesh Chaturthi?
The preparations for the Ganesh Chaturthi festival start a month or a week in advance. Highly skilled artists and artisans create various artistic clay idols of Lord Ganesha for the purpose of worship on Ganesh Chaturthi.
The entire market is filled with Ganesh idols. The whole market is gaining momentum in its full swing. It is wonderful to see that everything in the market is welcoming this big Hindu festival. To give a real look to the idols, they are decorated using many colors.
Preparations for Ganesh Chaturthi Festival
People start preparations for this ceremony at least a month or a week in advance. They make Modak (in Marathi) the favorite dish of Lord Ganesha. It has many names due to its different languages: Kadubu or Modak in Kannada, Kozhakatta, and Modakam in Malayalam, Modakam, and Kudumu in Telugu and Kozhakattai and Modgam in Tamil.
Modaks are specially prepared for the puja using rice flour or wheat flour mixed with coconut, dry fruits, spices, and jaggery. Some people make it by steaming and some by cooking it.
Another dish like modak is called karanji, but it differs in shape (semicircular shape). There is a ritual of offering Modak to Ganesha in the number 21.
How to perform Ganesh Chaturthi puja at home
Ganesh Chaturthi is celebrated all over India, although it is celebrated as the most important festival of the year in Maharashtra. Many families celebrate this festival on a small scale in their homes by performing all the rituals in a similar manner. A member of the family brings home a small or a big idol (according to choice) of Ganesh Ji and establishes the idol in the temple of the house or in the middle of the house or in a big open place.
All the members of the family worship the idol of Ganesh Ji by getting up early in the morning and in the evening both till the immersion. People offer prayers, devotional songs, dance, flowers of green grass, fruits, ghee lamp, a bunch of soft grass (a yarn having 3 or 5 bunches), sweets, etc.
People perform puja both times (mainly 21 times), and end their puja with a big aarti. Aarti (at the end of the puja) is sung by the people in Maharashtra, especially the 17th century Aarti written by Sant Ramdas. The domestic ceremony ends after 1, 3, 5, 7, or 11 days on the immersion of the idol in a large water source like a river, sea, etc.
In order to stay away from the problems arising due to heavy crowds, people have gradually started avoiding going for immersion on large water bodies. People immerse Ganpati in a bucket or tub of water and later they use this soil in the garden.
Ganesh Chaturthi celebrations in the community
The people of the community prepare pandals in a specific area by contributing and collecting money. The people of the community bring a grand idol of Ganesha to worship. They decorate their pandal (using flowers, garlands, electric lights, etc.) to make their pandal ideal as compared to others. They make decorations based on themes depicting religious themes.
The priests of the temples dress up in red or white dhoti with a shawl. They chant mantras and offer prayers. There is a religious act of consecration and virtuous conduct (way of paying homage).
Devotees offer a variety of things to the deity including coconut, modak, jaggery, cowpea grass, flowers, red flower garland, etc. Devotees apply kumkum and sandalwood paste all over the body of the idol.
A big ritual ceremony is held every year. People chanting mantras, devotional songs, Ganapati Atharva-Sahinta from Upanishads, recited hymns from Veda Rigveda, Ganesh Stotra from Narada Purana, and many more are recited throughout the ceremony.
People celebrate this festival in different ways according to their beliefs, customs, and regional tradition. All the rituals from Ganapati Sthapana (meaning idol setting) to Ganapati Visarjan (meaning idol immersion) involve a huge crowd to be a part of the ceremony and be blessed with wisdom and prosperity for the whole year.
Importance of Ganesh Chaturthi Vrat 2021
There is a tradition of fasting Ganesh Chaturthi, some of its importance is as follows –
- Lord Ganesha is worshiped for happiness and peace in life.
- Women also observe Ganesh Chaturthi fast for getting children.
- Mothers worship Lord Ganesha for the happiness of children and family.
- Ganesh Chaturthi has also fasted for functions like marriage.
- Ganesh Ji is worshiped and aarti is done before any worship. Only then any worship is considered successful.
- Ganesh Chaturthi is also known as Sankat Chaturthi. By doing this the problems of the people are removed.
Ganesh Chaturthi puja vidhi
Every festival has a different way of worshiping, in the same way, the Ganesh Chaturthi worship method (Ganesh Chaturthi puja vidhi) is also different.
- In the Ganesh Chaturthi of Bhadrapada, first of all, after seeing the Muhurta in the Panchang, Ganesh Ji is established.
- First of all, Rangoli is cast at a clean place in the northeast, which is called Chowk Purna.
- Putting a Pata or a post on it, spread red or yellow cloth on it.
- The idol is established on that cloth by placing a banana leaf on it.
Along with this, betel nut for worship is kept by keeping one and a quarter rupees on a paan.
- The urn is also kept, keeping a coconut on a lotus, a red thread is tied around the face of that return. This Kalash is kept like this for the whole ten days. On the tenth day, the coconut placed on it is broken and Prasad is eaten.
- First of all, the Kalash is worshipped, in which flowers are offered by offering water, kumkum, rice.
- Ganesh deity is worshiped after the Kalash. They are also clothed with water and then flowers are offered by offering kumkum and rice.
Ganesh Chaturthi muhurat 2021
The complete duration of Ganesh Visarjan on Anant Chaturdashi is from 7:40 am to 12:15 pm (4hr 35min), 1:46 pm to 3:18 pm (1hr 32min), 6:21 pm to 10:46 (4hr 25min), and From 1:43 pm to 3:12 am (1hr 29min) (20 Sep 2021).
Lord Ganesha Mantra
“ऊँ वक्रतुण्ड़ महाकाय सूर्य कोटि समप्रभ।
निर्विघ्नं कुरू मे देव, सर्व कार्येषु सर्वदा।।”
Ganesh Visarjan Date 2021
Ganesh Visarjan is the immersion of the idol of Ganesha in water on the 11th day of the festival of Ganesh Chaturthi. Ganesh Visarjan is the ritual ceremony performed at the end of the festival on Anant Chaturdashi.
In 2021, Ganesh Visarjan will be done on September 19, Sunday. On this day, more than lakhs of idols are immersed in water every year. Some people perform Ganesh Visarjan a few days before Anant Chaturdashi. Following are the Ganpati Visarjan dates in 2021 as per the customs and traditions;-
- On September 11, 2021, Ganesh Visarjan will take place for one and a half days.
- Ganesh Visarjan will take place on the third day on September 12, 2021.
- Ganesh Visarjan will take place on the 5th day on September 14, 2021.
- Ganesh Visarjan will take place on the 7th day on September 16, 2021.
- Ganesh Visarjan will take place on the 10th day on September 19, 2021.
- On the 11th day (Anant Chaturdashi) Ganesh Visarjan will take place on September 20, 2021 morning.
Some people perform Ganesh Visarjan the day after Ganesh Chaturthi, although some people do Ganesh Visarjan on the 3rd, 5th, 7, 10th and 11th day after Ganesh Chaturthi. We should do the idol immersion very carefully and in an environment-friendly way so that no plastic waste is thrown into the water along with the idol of Ganesh Ji and the water can be saved from pollution. The idol of Ganesha can also be immersed in a bucket or tub filled with water at home.
Importance of Ganesh Visarjan
Ganesh Visarjan holds great importance in Hinduism. The idol of Ganesh Ji is made of clay, which becomes unformed after being immersed in water.
It means that everything in this world will one day (moksha or liberation) become unformed. The process of formation and deforming is a never-ending circle. Every year Ganesha comes to assure us about this ultimate truth of life.
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