Save Environment essay in English Latest 2021-22 | 500 Words Essay

Essay on Save Environment

700 + Words Essay on Save Environment.

“I only feel angry when I see waste. When I see people throwing away things we could use.” ( Mother Teresa

Outlines of the Essay –

  • Introduction
  • Importance of environmental protection
  • Effects of pollution on the environment
  • Need to save the environment to save the earth
  • How can we save the environment?
  • Conclusion


The natural environment is also a boon for human life and other organisms. These natural resources are air, water, sunlight, fossil fuels. It is so important for our life that life cannot be imagined without it. But the way the population is increasing and the use of resources is increasing, has caused a lot of misuse of resources. This economic development has proved very serious for human health.

From the beginning of time, the environment established relations with its flora and fauna. Nature has given us many gifts such as water, sunlight, air, animals and fossil fuels, etc. which have made our planet habitable.

Importance of environmental protection

Today’s industrial and urban area environment also includes paved roads, multi-storeyed concrete buildings, and skyscrapers. Their main objective is to create facilities for the growing population and to make the life of the rich and elite class convenient and luxurious.

Despite this industrial and urban movement, human dependence on natural resources remains the same as before. We use air for respiration, water is used for drinking and other daily activities, not only the food we eat but also many types of trees, plants, birds and vegetables, milk, Is obtained from eggs, etc. Keeping these requirements in mind, the security of these resources has become very important.

These resources are classified as follows:- 

Renewable resources:- It is a resource that can be reclaimed naturally, such as rain and tree growth. However, if they continue to be consumed rapidly before nature’s re-supply, then these things like rubber, wood, freshwater will be completely eliminated in the coming time.

Non-renewable resources:- These resources have been built inside the land millions of years ago, so their recovery is not possible. They can only be used once. This includes fossil fuels such as coal and oil, which cannot be renewed.

Effects of pollution on the environment

Air pollution:- Due to the construction of a traffic system and the use of petrol and diesel on a large scale, the level of pollution has increased very rapidly, which has also significantly increased the number of harmful particles present in many types of unwanted and gassed air. With this increased amount of carbon monoxide, chloro-fluoro carbon, sulfur oxide, hydrocarbons, and lead, our ozone layer protecting us from the sun’s ultraviolet rays is starting to run out. Due to which a considerable increase in temperature has been recorded, which is commonly known as global warming.

Increased use of petrol and diesel for traffic and increased combustion of fossil fuels for energy production by industries has led to the greatest increase in air pollution. Due to which the levels of sulfur oxides, hydrocarbons, chloro-fluoro carbon and carbon monoxide, etc. have also increased.

These harmful gases severely impact human health, causing chronic bronchitis, lung cancer, and many other respiratory-related diseases. By this, the ozone layer is also being eroded, due to which man is no longer protected from ultraviolet rays earlier. In addition to this, there has been an increase in air pollution and global warming, due to which the human immune system is weakened.

Water Pollution:-Waste of humans and animals, water-soluble non-biochemical chemicals from industries such as mercury and lead, and the flow of organic chemicals in water such as detergents and oils that are found in freshwater ponds and rivers contaminate the water. And this water does not remain potable to us. Due to these reasons, aquatic life has also been affected in a very bad way, along with the reduction in crop yield and drinking water is no longer safe for humans and animals.

The problem of water pollution arises due to the dissolution of water-soluble organic chemicals from industries and the mixing of human and animal wastes in fresh water and fertilizers and pesticides in water during irrigation.

This not only spoils the quality of drinking water but also gives rise to cancer and many diseases related to the stomach and intestine. Apart from this, it also has a negative effect on aquatic life, water pollution does not allow fish to be edible.

Land pollution:- The use of water with a high salt content to increase the yield of large quantities of fertilizers and pesticides such as DDT spraying and crop yield makes the land useless. This type of pollution is known as land pollution and due to this, soil erosion has also increased for which reasons like construction and deforestation, etc. are mainly responsible.

The use of chemical fertilizers and pesticides kills not only bad pests present in the soil but also good pests. Due to this, we get less nutritious crops. Apart from this, problems of mutations, cancer, etc. arise due to the use of crops infected with chemicals by land pollution. Flood frequency has also increased due to rapid deforestation and construction. As a result, human life is being destroyed on a large scale.

Noise pollution:- Vehicular noise, factories, and firecrackers bursting during Diwali in India are mainly responsible for noise pollution. This severely harms animals as they are unable to adapt themselves accordingly, impairing their hearing.

Excessive noise emanating from factories and vehicles is affecting human hearing capacity, resulting in temporary or permanent hearing loss. Noise pollution has a negative effect on the mental, emotional, and mental health of humans, causing problems like stress, anxiety, and irritability, etc., which adversely affect our performance.

Need to save the environment to save the earth

As our population is increasing, we are using our natural resources randomly to meet the needs. Today we are not thinking about future generations. In this way, we can say that the biggest concern in today’s time is that we need to take strong steps to protect our renewable and non-renewable resources and to protect our earth.

How can we save the environment?

On turning the pages of history, it is known that our ancestors were very much concerned about the protection of the environment. For this, we can see the example of Sunderlal Bahuguna, who started the Chipko movement for the protection of forest resources. Similarly, Medha Patekar made effective efforts to protect the environment for the tribal people, who were negatively affected by the dam being built on the river Narmada. In today’s time, it is our responsibility as youth to make similar efforts for the protection of the environment.

We can give our help in saving nature by taking some small measures:-

    • Use cloth bags instead of plastic bags.
    • Using reusable batteries and solar panels.
    • Using products like energy-saving tube lights and bulbs etc.
    • Less use of paper and wood. Use e-book and e-paper as much as possible.
    • Reducing the use of chemical fertilizers and setting up a compost bin to make manure from cow dung.
    • We should promote the notion of 3R, which includes functions like reuse, recycle reuse. In which we can take measures like reducing the excessive use of sources of non-renewable energy, such as using iron waste to make iron.


The most important thing at this time is that we have to stop the misuse of these resources and use them in a very judicious way because such rapid use by the earth cannot be tolerated anymore. Achievement of this goal is possible only through sustainable development. Apart from this, liquid and solid by-products which are dumped as waste by industry units also need to be controlled, because they increase pollution. Due to which many diseases related to cancer and stomach and intestine arise. This is possible only if we leave the dependence on the government and personally take necessary steps to solve this problem.

Environmental protection is not just the work of the government, for this, our own contribution as a person is also very important. Knowingly or unknowingly, we contribute to pollution every day. Therefore, it is our duty as a consumer to use the offerings made by nature to promote water conservation and participate in the reuse and recycling of goods, wastage of resources like electricity and water, etc. Through all these small measures, we can bring about a very effective change in the condition of our planet.

As such, the government has instituted many laws and schemes for the protection of nature and wildlife. But still, it is our duty as an individual to contribute to the protection of the environment and to secure the future of our future generations, as we are currently using it the most.

One way or another, the choice will be made by our generation, but it will affect life on earth for all generations to come”. ( Lester Brown)



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