Types of Adverbs with Comparison and Position of Adverbs

My Dear Students, today I Am going to teach you about 7 Types of adverbs. This is very interesting topic, so read this article attentionally.

An adverb is a word that adds something more to the meaning of a verb. An adverb can change a verb, an adjective, or another adverb.

Kinds of Adverbs

There are 7 Types of adverbs:

  1. Adverbs of Time
  2. Adverbs of Place
  3. Adverbs of Manner
  4. Adverbs of Frequency
  5. Adverbs of Degree
  6. Interrogative Adverbs
  7. Relative Adverbs

Adverbs of Time

Adverbs of time point out the time of an action and answer the question ‘ when’. Some adverbs of time are: ‘ before’, ‘ ago’, ‘ since’, ‘ yesterday’, ‘ today’, ‘ now’, ‘ then’, ‘ yet’, ‘ till’, ‘ already’, ‘ soon’, ‘ once’, ‘ early’, ‘ late’, ‘ nowadays’, etc.

For example:

  1. He came to this school yesterday.
  2. They will complete the work today.

Adverbs of Place

Adverbs of place show where the action takes/ took place and answer the question ‘ where’. Some adverbs of place are: ‘ near”, ” far’, ‘ away’, ‘ here’, ‘ there’, ‘ everywhere’, ‘ nowhere’, ‘ in’, ‘ out’, ‘up’, ‘ down’, ‘ beside’, ‘ below’, ‘ above’, etc.

For example:

  1. She fell down on the road.
  2. Children are away for a few days.

Adverbs of Manner

Adverbs of manner tell us how the action took place or the manner in which it took place.
Some adverbs of manner are: ‘ easy’, ‘ badly’, ‘ gladly’, ‘ smartly’, etc.

For example:

  1. She worked the whole day honestly.
  2. The army fought bravely in the battle.

Adverbs of Frequency

Adverbs of frequency show the frequency of the action and answer the question ‘ how often’. Some adverbs of frequency are: ‘ never’, ‘ sometimes’, ‘ always’, ‘ hardly’, ‘ rarely’, daily ‘,’ usually ‘,’ normally ‘, etc.

For example:

  1. He never comes to stay for a few days.
  2. I always wake up early.

Adverbs of Degree

Adverbs of degree are also called‘ intensifiers ‘. They answer the question‘ how much ‘.
Some adverbs of degree are:‘ enough ‘,’ entirely ‘,’ extremely ‘,’ hardly ‘,’ really ‘,’ very ‘,’ too ‘, ‘ almost ‘,’ only ‘,’ quite ‘,’ so ‘, etc.

For example:

  1. Ajit plays the piano quite well.
  2. I really don’t want to eat any more.

Interrogative Adverbs

Interrogative adverbs are used to ask questions about time, manner, and place. Some interrogative adverbs are:‘ why ‘, how’, ‘ how many’, ‘ when’, ‘ where’, ‘ since’, ‘ how long’,  how much’, etc.

For example:

  1. When will you go to school?
  2. How did you find this shop?

Relative Adverbs

Relative adverbs like relative pronouns, refer back to their antecedent. Some relative adverbs are: ‘ where’, ‘ why’, ‘ when’, etc.

For example:

  1. This is the room where I studied.
  2. He went back to the city where he belonged.

Comparison of Adverbs

Similar to degrees of comparison in adjectives, adverbs also have degrees of comparison, positive, comparative and superlative.

For example:

  1. Sheeba writes neatly. (positive)
  2. Her brother writes more neatly than her. (comparative)
  3. Their sister writes the most neatly. (superlative)

We form the comparative and the superlative forms by adding -er and -est respectively, to the positive degree of most adverbs.
For example: hard-harder-hardest.

We also form the comparatives and the superlatives by adding more and most, respectively, to the positive degree of many adverbs.
For example: cheerfully  – more cheerfully most cheerfully.

Some adverbs form the comparatives and the superlatives in an irregular way.
For example: well-better-best.

NOTE
The rules of degrees of comparison of adverbs are similar to the rules of degrees of comparison of adjectives.

 

Position of Adverbs

The correct placement is important. An adverb is never placed between the verb and the object. Adverbs of manner, time and place are placed after transitive verbs or after the object if the verb is transitive.

For example:

  1. She completed the work quickly. (manner)
  2. Put the mug here. (place)
  3. Drive the car carefully. (manner)
  4. They started late. (time)

Adverbs of frequency and degree are placed between the subject and the verb if the sentence contains only one verb.

For example: She always meets people in the morning. (frequency)

Adverbs are also placed after the first auxiliary or helping verb if the verb consists of more than one word.

For example: Her relatives have just reached.

When an adverb modifies an adjective or another adverb, it usually comes before the word it modifies.

For example: It is rather a tiring day.

I place adverbs after the forms of the verb be (am, is, was, were).
For example: She is seldom late.

 

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