5th November World Tsunami Awareness Day 2021

World Tsunami Awareness Day 2021 | Tsunami date | World tsunami day | Tsunami 2021 | Awareness of tsunami | Tsunami awareness 2021| 

World Tsunami Awareness Day 2021

World Tsunami Awareness Day will be observed all over the world on Friday, 5 November 2021.

World Tsunami Awareness Day is celebrated on 5th November across the world. The day is celebrated to spread awareness among people around the world about the issues related to the dangers of tsunamis.

The first World Tsunami Awareness Day was observed on 5th December 2016 in which the events of AMCDRR (Asian Minister’s Conference for Disaster Risk Reduction) were organized in the Disaster Risk Reduction (DRR) Champions.

Even though tsunamis are uncommon, they can affect many people, especially those living in coastal areas. In 2004, an earthquake in the Indian Ocean caused a tsunami that affected about half a million people in about 15 countries.

Tsunamis are a global problem and thus international cooperation is of utmost importance for better knowledge and recognition of the adoption of risk mitigation measures.

 

The United Nations General Assembly, in December 2015, declared 5 November every year as World Tsunami Awareness Day, and called on countries, international bodies, and civil society to raise tsunami awareness and share innovative approaches to risk reduction.

History of World Tsunami Awareness Day

The name of the wordtsunami is derived from the Japanese “tsu”. It means port and “nami” means wave. A tsunami is a series of large waves created by disturbance produced underwater. These waves are usually related to earthquakes that occur in or near the ocean.

Although tsunami is comparatively an exceptional type of natural disaster it causes destruction in many countries around the world. A tsunami is a serious threat to the world and it can also hinder the achievement of development. The Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction was adopted at the 3rd WCDRR (World Conference on Disaster Risk Reduction) held at the United Nations in March 2015.

The 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development was also proposed at the conference held in Sendai. This along with Japan and other countries dedicated a special day as “World Tsunami Awareness Day” and was designated by the UN.

World Tsunami Awareness Day is the gift of Japan, which has often caused such bad experiences over the years to build major expertise in areas such as tsunami early warning, public action, and building better after a disaster to reduce future impacts. has done.

November 5 was chosen as World Tsunami Awareness Day in honor of the famous Japanese legend of “Inamura-no-hi” which means “to burn the rice paddies”. During an earthquake in the year 1854, a farmer noticed that the tide was decreasing, indicating an impending tsunami.

He set his entire crop on fire to warn the villagers. As a result the villagers immediately evacuated the village and all moved towards higher ground. The farmer later built an embankment of plants as a barrier against future tides.

What is Tsunami?

Tsunamis are large waves that originate on the shores of the ocean that are mainly associated with landslides or earthquakes. Like many other natural disasters, tsunamis are difficult to predict but it can be suggested that the risk is higher in seismically active areas.

What are the causes of tsunami?

Tsunami waves are extremely dangerous and usually look like strong walls of water. Strong waves strike the beach for hours, which can kill thousands of lives. There are many causes of tsunamis such as submarine landslides, earthquakes, coastal rock breaks, volcanic eruptions, or separatist collisions.

What should be done to avoid tsunami?

It is important to recognize the natural warning signs of a tsunami in order to take advantage of preventive measures. Since a strong earthquake can cause a tsunami, you should understand the severe shaking you feel on the earth. Tsunamis can also be caused by a rapid drop in sea level.

If you see a tremendous movement in the water or if you feel the vibration in the water, then understand that it is a tsunami. A tsunami makes a rumble “roaring” sound like that of a plane or train. If you notice any of these symptoms, do not delay in complying with the orders to leave the place and leave the coastal areas immediately. It is best to leave the area as soon as you get a tsunami signal.

Why is World Tsunami Awareness Day celebrated?

World Tsunami Awareness Day is celebrated to create awareness among the people about the risks associated with tsunami and the preventive measures to be taken from the approach of the tsunami.

Since natural disasters do not know their limits, the United Nations has suggested 5 November as World Tsunami Awareness Day and called for global cooperation in prevention efforts and raising public awareness.

Although tsunamis are rare, many lives can be lost due to their devastating effects. The devastating tsunamis of the years 2004 and 2011 have proved just how deadly these natural disasters can be.

Along with this, it has been observed that most people are unaware of the early signs of a tsunami and are not aware of the preventive action to be taken during the waves generated by the tsunami.

World Tsunami Awareness Day helps to improve our knowledge and awareness of tsunamis and how we should react if we are caught in any situation.

Many conferences, debates, seminars, quizzes, etc. are organized at the national and international levels to make people aware of its risk on Tsunami Day.

The national government should take steps to guide the people in a timely and appropriate manner in the event of a tsunami. Early warning signs can save many lives.

They should be transported to safe places and they should be supplied with essential commodities like food, water, clothes, etc.

Even though large buildings and mechanical and scientific instruments can give a tsunami warning, such devices cannot completely protect people from a tsunami. During the 2011 tsunami, several exit points in the Japanese city of Minamisanriku were built 20 meters above sea level to prevent disasters.

These centers were badly damaged by the inundation, a large population was affected by it. Thus international committees have to be more careful and find better preventive methods.

How is World Tsunami Awareness Day celebrated?

In December 2015, the General Assembly of the United Nations designated 5 November as World Tsunami Awareness Day. The United Nations Assembly appealed to all countries, civil societies, and international committees to celebrate this day every year.

The day is observed to raise awareness about Tsunami and share inventive approaches to reduce their risk.

World Tsunami Awareness Day focuses on educating and practicing evacuation. This day is celebrated every year on the 5th of November with the aim of protecting the lives of all the people around the world.

World Tsunami Awareness Day creates awareness about the precautionary measures to be taken against tsunamis. The good manners and common sense shown in the story of “Inamura-no-hi” should be applied by everyone in order to save people’s precious lives.

World Tsunami Awareness Day is used as a platform to make people aware of the symptoms of a Tsunami. It is important to map the coastline of the oceans to identify the cause of tsunamis.

International efforts to map the oceans are important to discover dangerous seismic zones and terrains with the potential for landslides.

It is important that the governments of UN member states come together and share cooperation to recognize the oceans. This will help in better educating the people about the preventive measures to be taken in the event of a tsunami.

World Tsunami Awareness Day creates awareness among all especially the population living in coastal areas. When they experience a tsunami, they should run instead of waiting for official warnings.

Prevention and education include education for people to respond as quickly as possible. People should know the best places to rescue. It should be higher than the seaside.

Indicator panels should be fixed on all seashores to guide people to safe areas during a tsunami.

World Conference on Disaster Risk Reduction (WCDRR)

According to the World Conference on Disaster Risk Reduction (WCDRR), the most accepted method to prevent people from tsunami risk is to promptly distribute and share necessary information through “early warnings”.

Prevention is also important on an individual level. People should be careful when traveling in a danger zone and know how to respond.

At the community or societal level, we should warn people who are traveling through dangerous coastal areas or engaging in activities like taking pictures or taking selfies, etc. The Sendai Framework incorporates new fundamentals, including “build back batter” and investments in DRR.

The Sendai Framework also shows that indigenous, traditional, and local awareness and use of practices are equally important. Japan and the United Nations believe that spreading such awareness through World Tsunami Awareness Day will significantly reduce the number of tsunami-affected victims.

World Tsunami Awareness Day Theme

  • The theme of World Tsunami Awareness Day 2016: “Effective Education and Deportation Practice”
  • The theme for World Tsunami Awareness Day in 2017 was “Reduce the number of people affected”.

Conclusion

The 2004 Indian Ocean tsunami caused the United Nations to implement tsunami warning signals and systems globally. Real-time data from below sea pressure sensors and GPS tsunami warning centers installed offshore are helping to more quickly and accurately cancel or issue warnings.

There is not enough time for a local tsunami to issue warning signals. In such situations, people should act wisely and respond promptly.

Although tsunamis are uncommon occurrences, they are very deadly. In the last 100 years, about 58 tsunamis have destroyed about 2,60,000 people, which is about 4,600/disasters. This is more than all other natural disasters.

The maximum death toll occurred in the Indian Ocean tsunami in December 2004. About 2,27,000 deaths have occurred in 14 countries, including India, Indonesia, Sri Lanka, and Thailand alone.

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